One of the differences in the island of Menorca is its small size, another important feature, which may seem contradictory to the previous one, is their great diversity and environmental landscape. In fact, in the 700 km2 of island territories have a place rich environments that normally one would not think to find in an area so small. On the basis of this variety is not found, a geological diversity that gives support. The island from the geological point of view can be considered divided into two distinct parts, Sa Tramuntana region and the region is Migjorn Gran, separated by an imaginary line off the bottom of the port of Mahon is the main road linking Mahon with Ciutadella, up to the Pla Verd from where the road divides to go to the north coast where we arrived at Cala Moreil. The region just north of this line fictitious Sa Tramuntana, is a mosaic of ancient land where, in a quick three units can be differentiated. The first consists of the land north of Mahon, Mercadal and Ferreries respectively, i is characterized by predominance of Paleozoic materials (virtually the only crop up in the Balearic Islands) rocks consist mainly of shale and sandstone quartz appearance. The landscape, which is dominated by dark colors, features gently rolling by the presence of small hills. The coast of this region is rocky, irregular and uneven,but not very high.

 

menorca favaritxç

 

 The second unit consists of areas with predominantly lower Triassic materials, formed mainly by quartz sandstone red or yellow color and mud and clay sediments in the depressions. The terrain is steep, and small mountains of alternating densely vegetated rocky with large cultivated valleys. The coast consists of cliffs powerful.

 

menorca puesta sol

 

The third unit is made up of territories landscape dominated by dolomites of the Jurassic (north of Alaior and part of the region between Ciutadelia and Ferreries), which results in tabular platforms largely occupied by forests. The colors of the rocks in this area tend to be clear and the coast, as in the previous case, is rocky cliffs and remarkable dimensions. In the north we find, albeit very localized, recent Quaternary deposits.
   On the south side of the line that separates the two geological areas of Menorca is the region called is Mitjorn Great, vast homogeneous region composed of calcareous rocks known as the Miocene sandstone building once used for both field townhouses or city. These materials have been virtually no tectonic and consequently its relief is very rugged. In fact, the entire area south of Menorca is a platform with a considerable degree of horizontality.
    The Tertiary rocks that correspond to present, in all their all, a great importance from the point of view, since they constitute the most important aquifer Menorca. In the past this area supplied the stone used in construction. Even today you can find numerous abandoned quarries near major towns ios, which form a network of empty volumes excavated in the rock, or sometimes even underground, of great interest and visual beauty.
    One of the most important landscapes and geomorphology of this area are the numerous gullies that cross the Miocene platform towards the coastline, following a winding route. The gullies generate significant environmental diversity in this region, both as regards the creation of relief as to serve as a framework for diverse plant and animal communities such specific environments. May include about 40 gorges, although only a dozen horizontal development reaches more than three miles. The origin of these formations to be found in the confluence of three processes: the action of running water excavator, tectonic movements and changes in the level of the Mediterranean.

 

puerto de mahon menorca

 

  The coast of the south has a substantially linear path and in general, this regularity is interrupted only by the coves and beaches that are formed at the mouths of the ravines. Its central part consists of cliffs, not as high as the north coast, while to the western and eastern coast is much lower and trimmed. The southern region contains no pre-Miocene land except for a few outcrops, which form its substrate, located north of Ciutadella and the Mola Maóesta southern peninsula is geologically part though it is on the north shore of Port Mahon. 

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